How to Perfectly Manage Cryogenic Gas in Tanks

Yes, gases are hard to handle. And so are Cryogenics! Although the discovery of cryogenics has in a lot of ways improved technology, it can turn out to be a disaster if not handled properly.

Cryogenic Science:

The liquefied pressurized gases that are stored at very low temperatures for their consequent usage are known as cryogenic liquids. Some of these gases are Nitrogen, Helium, Argon, Hydrogen and Oxygen. They are stored at a temperature close to their boiling point that is usually less than -100°F. They have many applications other than storage of liquefied gases, for example- cryosurgery, rocket fuels and food preservation.  However, some of its properties make it a potential hazard.

Cryogenic Hazards:
  • Explosion due to the presence of flammable gases.
  • A burst of the container due to expansion and sudden increase in pressure.
  • The harmful effect on the properties of materials like zinc, steel, rubber and plastic.
  • Severe physical wounds due to extremely low temperature.
Cryogenic Management:

The management of fuel tanks comprises of three broad categories:

Tank Level

The level of the tank determines the amount of consumption of the fuel. It helps in evaluating if the right amount of fuel is being delivered in the right places. With the level of the tanks, it can immediately be diagnosed if the fuel is leaking. Also, the tank level determines the time after which the fuel tanks need to be refilled. The accurate observation of the tank levels makes the whole process smoother.

Temperature and Pressure Control

Temperature and pressure control play a very critical role in storage tank management. A storage tank is usually defined as a tank that stores fuels at very low temperatures. However, most of the above mentioned cryogenic hazards are a result of the flaws in temperature and pressure control.

The faults in the temperature can lead to reactions among different gases stored at the temperature close to their boiling point and can lead to all kinds of explosions. On the other hand, inaccurate pressure control during vaporization of the cryogenics can lead to sudden expansion followed by the bursting of storage tanks.


Delivery is the main cause of the storage of cryogenics. One needs to make sure that the right amount of fuel is delivered at the right time, to the right place. For this, there needs to be a constant reporting about the status of different departments of the process to a common floor. This includes tracking of the location of the tanks until their delivery is done.  If the delivery is managed sincerely, it can prove to be very cost effective, implying more profits.

Cryogenic Management Solutions:

Keeping in mind the limitations of the human resource, telemetry system monitors have been designed to make the supervision of cryogenic storage tanks easier.

  • The monitors are robust in structure and use cloud computing for maintaining and upgrading business records. The device converts the analog signals into digital signals and displays on the screen of the information-taker.
  • A telemetry system is fixed on the outside of the tanks which helps in detecting the tank level, pressure and temperature. This device provides a continuous record of the present condition of the tanks that is uploaded on the internet.
  • The system has a built-in intelligence to send alerts and notifications if something goes out of order. It notifies with a message of fixation on the screen informing the concerned about the trouble arriving.
  • The monitor comprises of a SIM Card that tracks the location of the tank through GPRS. From the moment they are filled till the time they are delivered, they are consistently tracked.
Cryogenic Solution Benefits:

The telemetry system is taking over the market, and there’s a reason why; there are many ways in which this equipment overcomes the shortcomings of manual labor. They are as follows:

  • With its faster readings and evaluations, it saves a lot of time and encourages punctual deliveries.
  • It reduces the demand of human labor and, therefore, saves a lot of money.
  • It robust structure ensures cost efficiency.
  • It promises accurate and reliable data at all times.
  • It immediately sends alerts when predicts a problem therefore making troubleshoot easier.
  • With GPRS, it’s possible to track the tanks 24×7 thereby avoiding last-minute confusions and delays in delivery.
  • It makes the whole process smoother and helps in eliminating all elements of trouble.

With its efficient properties, the telemetry system monitors are the best monitoring software to manage cryogenic fuel tanks. The future of cylinder suppliers undoubtedly depends on this technology. It is even making its space in the healthcare industry, and in no time, it will become a necessary equipment for the healthcare industry.